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高中英语书面表达中的高级结构

作者:jks 来源: 发布日期:2018年12月03日 浏览次数:
英语书面表达在高考中日益显得重要,高考书面表达已不只局限于把话说清楚,把意思表达完整,而是要给我们的句子润色,让我们的句子靓起来。如何让我们的英语句子靓起来呢?很多人都强调用连词、介词等词汇手段迅速提高语言水平。但这种方法需要一定的积累,也需要一定的基础。而我觉得通过对低级句型的改造,可以迅速达到这一目的。
◆强调句:可以将时间、地点、原因、方式等类型的状语从句转变为强调句。
It was not until I arrived home that I realized I had left the bag on the shop counter. 
It was then that I realized the importance of English. 
◆倒装句:只要句中有介词短语或状语从句,便可将其提前,变成倒装句。
Only when I turned right at the crossing did that car crack towards me. 
Only by this means can he escape from the big fire. 
with引导的伴随结构:可以将状语从句或并列句中的其中一个分句变成with结构。
With the sun lighting brightly and the birds singing clearly, I went to school in high spirits 
He always likes to sleep with the windows open. 
◆巧妙地使用非谓语动词:可以将状语从句或并列的动词简化为非谓语动词。
Hearing that, the driver’s wife quickly added that her husband often talked nonsense after drinking. (=When he heard that, ……
◆恰到好处的被动句:适合应用于较简短的句子,这样显得语言简洁生动,宾语一般是 nothinganythingeverything等不定代词。
I searched all my pockets, but nothing was found.
◆感叹句:通常用于开头结尾活跃文章气氛,凡是“I feel ……”之类表达感情的句子皆可如此改造。
How terrible I felt today! I failed again in the math exam. 
◆高级定语从句:若定语从句中的动词带有介词,只需将介词移至先行词后。
We came to a place to which they had never paid a visit before. 
◆进行时态:有时会含有一定情绪,尤其要使用always这样的富含感情色彩的副词。
I am always feeling terrible when I take a bus. 
◆婉转表达:需要使用幽默的技巧,主要用于漫画型作文题。
I could find nothing but bad luck when I returned to the shop after learning that my handbag had been left on the counter. 
what引导的名词性从句:将动宾结构转化为此结构。
What he gave me, which I knew, were not only a Christmas present but also a heart full of love and a mind of my existence in it. 
◆“数词+名词”变为“as many as+数词+名词”。
As many as ten years ago, my hometown used to be covered by forests 
◆适当加一些插入语:一些连词、副词可以放到句子中间充当语气较弱的插入语,如I guesshoweverin a waycertainlyin my opinionprobablybriefly, generally speaking, believe it or not, besides, what’s more等,有时可以考虑几个插入语连用,就更像英美人士的文章了。
◆独立主格:将主从句去掉连词,前句动词变为分词即可。 
Weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills.
◆把简单句改成复合句:适当的时候把两个简单句改成“tooto…”或者“sothat…”等高级一点的复合句。例如:
I was very tired. I couldn’t keep up with them.我们可以改成:
I was so tired that I couldn’t keep up with them.或:I was too tired to keep up with them. 
这样一来,英语基础不是很好的学生只要能够写出最基本的句子,然后再对这些句子进行加工、改造、润色,慢慢的,就会让句子靓起来,在高考中就可以得到比较满意的成绩。
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